How to Ask for, Grant and Refuse Permission

Meminta ijin untuk melakukan sesuatu bisa terjadi dalam banyak situasi. Mungkin kamu perlu ijin untuk melakukan sesuatu di kantor, atau mungkin kamu perlu meminta ijin temanmu untuk menggunakan barang kepunyaannya, atau mungkin kamu perlu meminta ijin pada guru untuk meninggalkan kelas sebentar. Gunakan bentuk sopan ketika meminta ijin.

 

How to Ask for Permission in English / Meminta Ijin dalam Bahasa Inggris

 

Can I + verb (very informal)

 

  • Can I go out tonight? / Apa saya boleh pergi keluar malam ini?
  • Can he have dinner with us? / Apa dia boleh makan malam dengan kita?

 

May I + verb

 

  • May I have another piece of pie? / Bolehkah saya minta satu pai lagi?
  • May we go out with our friends tonight? / Bolehkah kami pergi keluar bersama teman kami malam ini?

 

Could I please + verb

 

  • Could I please go with Tom to the movie? / Bisakah saya pergi menonton film dengan Tom?
  • Could we please go on trip this weekend? / Bisakah kita pergi berlibur akhir pekan ini?

 

Do you think I could + verb

 

  • Do you think I could use your cell phone? / Apakah saya bisa meminjam HPmu?
  • Do you think I could borrow your car? / Apakah saya bisa meminjam mobilmu?

 

Would it be possible for me + infinitive

 

  • Would it be possible for me to use your computer for a few minutes? / Apakah saya boleh menggunakan komputermu sebentar?
  • Would it be possible for me to study in this room? / Apakah saya boleh belajar di ruangan ini? 

 

Would you mind my + verb + ing + your + object

 

  • Would you mind my using your cellphone? / Apakah kamu keberatan kalau saya gunakan HPmu?
  • Would you mind my playing your piano? / Apakah kamu keberatan kalau saya memainkan pianomu?

 

How to Grant Permission in English / Memberi Ijin dalam Bahasa Inggris

 

Jika kamu ingin berkata “ya” pada seseorang yang meminta ijin, kamu bisa memberikan ijin dengan menggunakan frase di bawah ini:

 

  • Sure. (informal)
  • No problem. (informal)
  • Go ahead / Go right ahead. (informal)
  • Please feel free + infinitive (formal) Contoh: Please feel free to use my cell phone. / Silakan gunakan HP saya.

 

How to Politely Refuse a Favor/Deny Permission / Menolak Ijin secara Halus/Sopan

Berkata ‘tidak’ itu tidak pernah mudah, tapi terkadang perlu dilakukan. Simak contoh-contoh di bawah:



  • I’m afraid I’d prefer if you don’t. / Maaf saya rasa baiknya kamu tidak melakukannya. 
  • Sorry, but I’d rather you not do that. / Maaf saya rasa baiknya kamu tidak melakukan itu.
  • Unfortunately, I need to say no./ Sayang sekali, tapi saya perlu berkata tidak.
  • I’m afraid that’s not possible. / Maaf tapi sepertinya itu tidak bisa (dilakukan).

 

Ketika menolak ijin, terkadang orang menawarkan bantuan dalam cara lain dengan menggunakan kata-kata “how about / bagaimana kalau” atau “instead / alih-alih” untuk menawarkan alternatif.

 

  • I’m afraid I can’t let you borrow my car, but I could drive you instead. / Maaf aku tidak bisa meminjamkan mobilku, tapi aku bisa mengantarmu.
  • I can’t babysit your daughter. How about I call my sitter for you instead? / Saya tidak bisa menjaga anakmu. Bagaimana kalau saya panggilkan penjaga anak saya?
  • I wish I could help out; maybe another time. / Saya ingin bisa membantu, tapi mungkin di lain waktu.

 

Sample Dialogues: Asking for Permission Which Is Given

 

Jack: Hi Sam, do you think I could use your cell phone for a moment?

Sam: Sure, no problem. Here you are.

Jack: Thanks buddy. It will only be a minute or two.

Sam: Take your time. No rush.

Jack: Thanks!

 

Student: Would it be possible for me to have a few more minutes to review before the quiz?

Teacher: Please feel free to study for a few more minutes.

Student: Thank you very much.

Teacher: No problem. Do you have any questions in particular?

Student: Uh, no. I just need to review things quickly.

Teacher: OK. We’ll begin in five minutes.

Student: Thank you.

 

Example Situations: Asking for Permission Which Is Denied

 

Employee: Would you mind if I came in late to work tomorrow?

Boss: I’m afraid I’d prefer if you didn’t.

Employee: Hmmm. What if I work overtime tonight?

Boss: Well, I really need you for the meeting tomorrow. Is there any way you can do whatever it is you need to do later.

Employee: If you put it that way, I’m sure I can figure something out.

Boss: Thanks, I appreciate it.

 

Son: Dad, can I go out tonight?

Father: It’s a school night! I’m afraid that’s not possible.

Son: Dad, all my friends are going to the game!

Father: I’m sorry, son. Your grades haven’t been the best recently. I’m going to have to say no.

Son: Ah, Dad, come on! Let me go!

Father: Sorry son, no is no.